Spouge

General information

Spouge On earlier album labels the word appears as spooge. A Music form of Barbados created by Dalton Bishop who performed as Jackie Opel in the 1960s. It is differentiated from Reggae by having a more even and repetitive backbeat. It is said to be primarily a fusion of ska with calypso, but is also influenced by a wide variety of music forms from the British Isles and United States, include sea shanties, hymns and spiritual with percussion instruments, later augmented by saxophone, trombone and trumpet. Janice Millington, musician and author, lists the American and British influences as including Welsh, Scottish and Irish elements, "transmitted through literature and poetry (Shakespeare and Milton),], edification and general education to all people of Barbados. North American love songs, paird to a cultural mixture in which the love of a song, the expression through movement, and demand for theater continue to be of paramount importance".

Two different kinds of spouge were popular in the 1960s, raw spouge (Draytons Two style) and dragon spouge (Cassius Clay style). The spouge industry grew immensely by the end of the 1970s, and produced popular stars like Blue Rhythm Combo, the Draytons Two and The Troubadours, Desmond Weekes. Desmond Weekes the former lead singer of the Drayton Two claims the 1973 album Raw Spouge to be "the only 100 per cent spouge album ever produced. The album topped the charts in a number of islands, including but not limited to St. Kitts, St. Lucia and Dominica.

In 2002 Caribbean Records Inc released a CD entitled Vintage Spouge with hits on it such as Gimme Music by Mike Grosvenor, Any Day Now by Richard Stoute and a cover of Sam Cooke's You Send Me, sung by spouge creator Jackie Opel.

Spouge is a style of Barbadian created music created by Jackie Opel in the 1960s. It is a fusion of Jamaican Ska and Trinidad calypso but it also had influences from a wide variety of music from Britain and the United States. Jackie Opel, whose name was Dalton Bishop was also known as "man face". He was born in Chapman Lane, Bridgetown in 1933. He lived in lower class, depressed circumstances. From an early age Jackie frequented the "red light" area of Nelson Street so, that he could be near "juke boxes" to listen and sing along to his idol Jackie Wilson of the USA. In 1950, Jackie with a band at Coconut Creek Club, St James and his Jackie Wilson like voice soon made him popular. He appear on some local shows with well-known overseas performers, and Jackie Opel the supporting act usually became the star performer as he vigorously performed every note and "out shone" the star. During this time Ska the forerunner beat to the reggae was popular in Jamaica and calypso was popular in Trinidad. So Jackie Opel and his band the troubadours developed the Spouge beat which was to be Barbados' answer to Ska in Jamaica and Calypso in Trinidad. Spouge became so popular, that every local band and signer in Barbados and throughout the Caribbean recorded, their music using the Spouge beat. Spouge's popularity spread throughout to the extent that the Spouge beat became even more popular than Ska or Calypso. Unfortunately after six years the art form declined to the extent that today very little Spouge is played on the airwaves. Spouge is only played on Jackie Opel's Birthday, Independence Day, Heroes Day and Errol Barrow Day. Spouge has declined from other reasons: 1. The man who created Spouge died in an accident on March 9, 1970 at the age of 32. It is believed that if he had lived he would have been one to further develop and market the beat around the world. 2. The media does not promote Spouge to the extent that it can. Over the years foreign artists and their music have been given priority over local music. 3. In the early popular years of Spouge it is believed that it suffered "over-play" which, made it boring, in the 1960s and early 1970s.

(from the article Spouge of Wikipedia)

Selected examples


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List of spouge musicians

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